Diploma In Agriculture (Plant Science), Revised In 2021 Curriculum

Introduction

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The Constitution of Nepal guarantees food and nutritional security to all citizens, which requires high priority in the agriculture sector. Likewise, agriculture supports employment generation, import substitution, and export promotion, which is fundamental to poverty reduction in the country. With the advent of globalization, Nepal’s agriculture sector is adapting to technology-based, mechanized, commercial, and innovative approaches. The quick development of information, communication, and technology has been able to sensitize farmers to new agricultural practices. To meet the envisioned goals and eliminate challenges in this sector, skilled human resource production is important.

CTEVT has been able to produce skilled mid-level frontline human resources in agriculture in Nepal. As the major organization for technical human resource production, CTEVT has a major challenge meeting the demands in the changing context. This is only possible with a comprehensive curriculum that incorporates contextual and contemporary needs. In this context, CTEVT has introduced a revised curriculum for the Diploma in Agriculture (Plant Science) [Intermediate of Science in Agriculture—Major in Plant Science].

Curriculum Title

The title of this program is Diploma in Agriculture (Plant Science) [Intermediate of Science in Agriculture—Major in Plant Science].

Program Aim

The program aims to prepare mid-level technical human resources equipped with knowledge and skills in agriculture (plant) and allied subjects.

Program Objectives

The curriculum has following objectives:

1. Provide agronomy, horticulture and plant protection services to local farmers and different scales of farming;

2. Deliver extension and community development services as a front-line extension worker;

3. Conduct farmers training as a local-level resource person for increasing productivity of land, plant protection, land management, soil management, fertilizer application and new technology adaptation;

4. Carryout agribusiness management and cooperative services at rural and urban areas in public and private sectors;

5. Promote various aspects of agriculture, such as plant breeding, commercial vegetable production, mushroom cultivation, fruit crops production, medicinal plant production, aquaculture and fisheries; 6. Promote organic and offseason vegetables production technology, culture and farming systems;

7. Communicate effectively and work collaboratively in multidisciplinary and multicultural work environments through recognizing and understanding global, environmental, social, and ethical contexts of their works; and

8. Be able to prepare a business plan for establishing small-scale production and service-related agro-enterprise firms.

Program Description:

This course is based on the job required to be performed by the Junior Technicians (JT) at different levels of the public and private sectors of agriculture and community development-related work in Nepal. Therefore, this curriculum is designed to provide knowledge and skills focusing on agriculture and plant science related to the occupation. There are six semesters in total within the period of three years. The first-year courses are offered focusing on foundational and core academic subjects of agriculture science; the second-year courses are focused on basic disciplinary subjects of agriculture plant science. Similarly, the third-year whole courses comprise the disciplinary subjects related to agriculture extension, crop production, seed technology, and so on. Moreover, the third year insists on the application of learned skills and knowledge through project work and the internship program. The curriculum structure and the subject-wise content reflect the details of this curriculum. In brief, this curriculum will guide its implementers to produce competent and highly employable middle-level technical workforces in the field of agriculture.

The contents of each subject prescribed in the curriculum are founded on the “must know and must do” principle. The contents of the curriculum are comprehensively described at the microlevel.

Rationale of Revision

The Diploma in Agriculture (Plant Science) [Intermediate of Science in Agriculture—Major in Plant Science] curriculum was developed in 2002. This is the second revision after the implementation of its development. The rationales behind its revision are as follows:

• It crossed the 5-year maturity period of its implementation after its first revision in 2014, and similarly, the implementing agencies and colleges have requested to revise this curriculum based on their teaching experiences.

• The year-wise re-adjustments of the existing subjects are felt necessary.

• It is needed to revisit its weightage in both theory and practical marks to make it more practical-oriented.

• The technologies invented in this field seem necessary to incorporate.

Furthermore, technicians are projected to grow faster than average for all occupations. Jobs for Certificates in Agriculture are projected to increase at a faster-than-average rate. To cope with national and international demands, the knowledge and skills of this curricular program should be updated to make the skills relevant and pertinent to the related agricultural sector.

Two generations of Caucasian farmers in wheat field

Source: Council for Technical and Vocational Training (CTEVT)

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