The Hidden World of the Golden Monitor Lizard: Exploring Ecology, Behavior, and Conservation

Introduction:

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Golden Monitor Lizard (Varanus flavescens) has a place with the Squamata Request and Varanidae Family. It is local to Nepal, India, Bangladesh, Pakistan and Myanmar on the planet. It is found in terai safeguarded regions and their close by backwoods areas of Nepal. The life expectancy of a brilliant screen reptile is 15 to 20 years. Its body tone is dull brown in the upper side and yellow in the lower side. The state of the body is long with tipped tail and diagonal cut nostril. Its length is 0.45 m and weight are around 4 to 5 kg. The trademark component of brilliant screen reptile is that it lives in woods close to water sources. It lays around 8 to 30 eggs as indicated by its size. The heaviness of an egg is 11.4 grams. The brooding time frame is around 8 to multi month. It is recorded as a jeopardized species in the IUCN Red Rundown class and Supplement I of Refers to. The lawful status of this species in Nepal is Safeguarded (Addendum I) under the Public Parks and Untamed life Preservation Act 1973. It is safeguarded as a result of its weighty living space misfortune and poaching. It is exchanged public and worldwide business sectors because of its skin.

Image: Golden Monitor Lizard

Characteristics:

  • It lives in forests near water resources.
  • Its body is dark brown in upper side
  • And yellow in the lower side.
  • They have large claws, powerful tails, long neck and well-developed legs.
  • They can move quickly and powerfully pursuit of prey.
  • Naturally shy and generally stay away from humans.
  • Its life span is 15 to 20 years.

Sizes:

  • Its length is about 0.45 m from snout to vent.
  • Its weight about 4 to 5 kg.
  • Male are quite larger than female.

Habitat:

  • Mostly it is found in the forest, rainforest, aquatic areas and hot and dry areas.

Food:

  • They are carnivores that they prey on a wide variety of small animals like frogToads, fish, crabs, rats, and even rotten flesh.
  • They are fond of eating eggs.

Incubation Period:

  • The incubation period is about 8 to 9 months.
  • The weight of an egg is 11.4 gram.
  • It lay about 8 to 30 eggs.

Why to conserve Golden Monitor Lizard:

  • They are essential to agriculture and forest ecosystem as they devour insects, Rodents, birds’ egg, snake, fish and crabs, there by regulating their ecosystem.

Threat and Challenges:

  • Poaching
  • Predator Crocodile
  • Habitat Loss
  • For Skin
  • Often Close to Human Settlement
  • No Campaign to Spread Awareness
  • Lack of Knowledge

Legal Status

In World

  • It is listed by CITES in appendix I.
  • Globally and nationally, it is listed as Endangered species in IUCN Red list Category.
  • It is legally protected in Bhutan, India, Nepal, and Thailand more over most of the Asian country.

In Nepal:

  • The legal status of Nepal is protected (Appendix I) by National Park and Wildlife Conservation Act 1973.

Prepared By:

Sabin B.K.

Diploma in Forestry

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